About Kumbakonam


Minerals and Soil







Kumbakonam, one of the special grade Municipal Towns of Tamil Nadu,  is the second bigger town in Thanjavur District.  It is situated 10o 57"  north latitude and 79o 28'  Longitude.  It is located about 313 Kilometres away from madras on the south, about 90Kms. from Tiruchy on the east and about 40kms from Thanjavur on the North East. 

The town is bounded by two rivers - " River Cauvery" on the north and "River Arasalar" on the south. It has a gentle slope towards south from North. 


Minerals and Soil:- 

The town is not having any commercially exploitable minerals.  The soils available in the area can be broadly classified into two varities namely alluvial and  Rager.  Since, the area lies on the Cauvery Delta,  it contains more of alluvial soil which is the best for agricultural purpose.  The major crop in the area is paddy for which the whole of Thanjavur District is famous. 


The Climate throughout the year is moderate.    The variation between maximum and minimum temperature is not much.  Though summer is hot,  occasional rainfalls and water stagnation in the wet fields due to irrigating channels of Cauvery give much relief from sweltering heat. 

The Year can be broadly divided into the following three seasons. 
       Winter     : December to Ferbruary 

       Summer   :     March to May
       Monsoon :     June to November 

Rainfall :- 

The town gets its rain mostly during the North East Monsoon.  The average annual rainfall for the town is 1250mm.  The maximum rainfall is during the period from October to December. 

There will be Summer rain also during March, April and May which brings down the temperature during Summer. 

Flora :- 

The Predominant Flora of the Kumbakonam and its environs are Cocanut trees, Mango trees  and Tamarind trees. 



Kumbakonam is at present a Selection Grade Municipality, and it  is the taluk Headquarters of Kumbakonam Taluk.  It is stated by Mr. Wilks that the town was once the Capital of the Cholas and Dr. Burnell also confirmed it.  The British Govt.  also recognised the importance and stationed a New Zilla Judge here from 1806 till 1863. 

The town is identified by many temples sprinkled all over the town, most of them are very ancient temples. 

One of many temples, most striking is the Lord Sarangapany, a Vaishanavite temple.  This was probably built up by the Nayak Kings during 15th Century A.D.  It consists of the twelve storied and 147 feet height. 

The Ramasamy temple which depicts the paintings of Ramayanam is another important Vaishanavite temple. 

Kumbeswara temple is an important Saivaite temple situated almost in the central part of the town. 

The important festival of the town is the Mahamaham festival.  It takes place once in 12 years during the Tamil Month of Masi(February/March) and lakhs of pilgrin from various parts of  India visit Kumbakonam and take a holy bath in the sacred Mahamaham tank which is situated in the heart of the town

The temple at Thirunageswarar( Oppliyappan Sannadhi), the Lord siva temple  which is 8 kms east of Kumbakonam .

Sri Thirupureeswarar temple at Pateeswaram which is 5kms southeast of Kumbakonam, was constructed by Govinda Dikshithar, a Minister of Naik King.  Acchathappa during 16th Century. 

Another famous temple is Swamimalai which is one among the six abodes of Lord Muruga.  swamimalai is situated 8 kms west of Kumbakonam.  Many Nayanmars have sung in praise of this temple. 

The Govt. Arts College at Kumbakonam which exits now is one of the very old colleges in the Tamil Nadu State and it gained a title once as " The Cambridge of South India". 

The famous Mathematician Ramanujam studied in the Institution in this town. 

The Porter Hall was built int he memory of a former principal of the college in 1885. 

In 1853, a handsome Protestant Church was erected in the town. 


The town which was orginally a religious town become an industrial center during last quarter of the 19th Century and early period of 20th century.  Predominance was gained for Silk Industries and Metal manufacturing. 
The Major Suppliers of Silk Sarees to the Indian Silk Saree Market is Kumbakonam  Silk Industry. 

All the South Indian Brass Pooja articles and utensils are manufactured in Kumbakonam and these articles are manufactured nowhere in South India other than Kumbakonam.  KuthuVilakku and Statues are the famous  articles. Stainless Steel utensils  are manufactured. 

Betelnuts, Suparis are manufactured  in Kumbakonam.